Agreements Between Parent And Child
van der Horst K, Oenema A, Looij-Jansen P, Brug J: The ENDORSE study: research into environmental determinants of adipositas related behaviors in Rotterdam schoolchildren. BMC Public Health. 2008, 8: 142-10.1186/1471-2458-8-142. Measures reported by children and measures reported by parents are subject to errors in return and socially desirable responses. Parents may be more vulnerable to “social covetousness” than children . On the other hand, children have limitations in general cognitive abilities that prevent them from remembering past activities [18-20]. In addition, perceptions of parenting practice may vary between children and parents [5, 18, 21-27]. Parents and children can therefore offer unique perspectives on their relationship and home environment. Most studies of the consistency between parental and paediatric parenting relationships have assessed eating practices, such as the availability and accessibility of fruits, vegetables or soft drinks at home, or the frequency of common family meals [18, 22-25, 27].
To our knowledge, only one study examined parenting practices in physical activity and sedentary behaviour (i.e., family support for physical activity or child television use) that had a limited number of parent-child dyads (n-73) . In general, consent depended on the age of the children [25, 26] and more when the parents had a higher level of education . To date, little is known about other factors that could influence the agreement, reliability and validity of parenting measures reported by parents and children. Overall consistency between the relationship between children and parents on parenting practices regarding BSE has been low; with significant differences between different parenting practices. In particular, practices, including joint child-parent activities, were more often reported differently by children and parents, without one of the two informants clearly inclined to do so. Among less educated and overweight parents, consent was lower, a subpopulation known to be at risk for the education of overweight children. Given that we found significant discrepancies, we recommend that both the perception of parental perception and the perception of children be included in future studies and that factors that influence differences of opinion between parents and children be taken into account.